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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 19(1); 2015 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2015;19(1):121-133.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2015.19.1.121    Published online January 31, 2015.
Physical Activity and Metabolic Syndrome Related Factors on Low Income School Aged Children
라진숙, 강문희
충남대학교 간호대학
저소득층 학령기 아동의 신체활동과 대사증후군 영향요인
라진숙, 강문희
충남대학교 간호대학
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to explore physical activity and metabolic syndromerelated factors on low income school aged children.
Methods
Cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted to recruit a convenience sample of102 participants from income school age (10~12 years) children attending at community childcenters in D metropolitan city and C province. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, χ2-test and multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 21.0.
Results
Low income children showed low level of physical activity measured by pedometer. Theoverall prevalence of Mets for low income children (10~12 years) was 10.8% by Ohzeki et al. (2011) definition, which was significantly difference by BMI (%). The highest proportion of lowincome children with the metabolic abnormalities was waist circumstance. Metabolic syndrome wascorrelated with physical activity of low income children. In multiple regression analysis, influencingfactors on metabolic syndrome were BMI (%) and physical activity and they accounted for 54.4%of variance in metabolic syndrome.
Conclusion
This study shows that obesity and physical activity are important predictors of metabolicsyndrome of low income school aged children. Therefore, there is a need for the developmentof strategy and intervention program to manage obese and physical activity for this population.
Key Words: child, physical activity, metabolic syndrome, poverty


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