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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 23(1); 2019 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2019;23(1):35-44.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2019.23.1.35    Published online January 31, 2019.
The Status of Nutritional Supplements Nutritional Supplements and Factors affecting Health Promotion Behaviors in Pregnant Women
Eun Sung Sim1, So Young Choi2
1Gyeong-Sang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea
2College of Nursing, Institute of Health Science, Gyeong-Sang National University Jinju, Korea
임산부의 영양보충제 복용실태와 건강증진행위에 미치는 요인
심은성1, 최소영2
1경상대학교병원
2경상대학교 간호대학
Correspondence:  So Young Choi,
Email: css4214@gnu.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among nutritional supplement intake, subjective health status, health control level and health promotion behaviors and to investigate factors affecting health promotion behaviors in pregnant women.
Methods
A total of 153 pregnant women was recruited from a university hospital in J city in Korea. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires.
Results
Most participants (91.5%) took nutritional supplements. Health promotion behavior had positive correlations with subjective health status (r=0.313, p<0.001), internal control (r=0.229, p=0.004), powerful others locus of control (r=0.162, p=0.046), and doctors locus of control (r=0.215, p=0.008). There was a negative correlation between health promotion behavior and chance locus of control (r=-0.273, p=0.001). Health status (β=0.25, p=0.001), chance locus of control (β=-0.28, p<0.001), doctors locus of control (β=0.20, p=0.009), and powerful others locus of control (β=0.16, p=0.033) were significant predictors for health promotion behavior. These variables explained 25.8% of the variance in health promotion behavior.
Conclusion
The study results indicate that it is necessary to develop a nutrition education program and nursing intervention in order to promote health for pregnant women.
Key Words: nutritional supplement, subjective health status, health control, health promotion behavior, pregnant women
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