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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 11(1); 2007 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2007;11(1):64-77.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2007.11.1.64    Published online January 31, 2007.
The Prevalence of Osteoporosis and Its Related Factors among Some Rural Women
김려화1, 류소연2, 강명근2, 이철갑2, 박종구1, 김기순2, 고상백1, 엄애용3
1연세대학교
2조선대학교
3서울대학교
일부 농촌여성들의 골다공증 유병률과 그 관련요인
김려화1, 류소연2, 강명근2, 이철갑2, 박종구1, 김기순2, 고상백1, 엄애용3
1연세대학교
2조선대학교
3서울대학교
Abstract
Objectives
This study was conducted to find the prevalence of osteoporosis and its related factors among rural women as basic data to develope educational materials to prevent and for longitudinal observatory study.
Methods
Toward 596 40~70 year old women living in Bongwhang Township, Naju City, Chollanamdo, examinations including quantitative ultrasound (QUS) bone densitometry, questionnaire survey for life-style, anthropologic measurements and blood tests were performed for 45 days from January 9th, 2006. Osteoporosis was defined as T score -2.5 or below and T score -1.0 or above was nominated as normal group. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval of osteoporosis group versus normal group were calculated by potential risk factors. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to find significant and dependent related factors.
Results
The prevalence of osteoporosis among the subjects was 19.0%. The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the OR of osteoporosis among elementary educated group compared to non-educated group was 0.34 (95%CI: 0.16~0.73). The OR of osteoporosis among subjects whose body mass index (BMI) were 25 kg/m2 or more against lower than 25 kg/m2 was 0.32 (95%CI: 0.15~0.70). The OR of osteoporosis among subjects who had started menarche later than 20 years old as compared to subjects who had started menarche before 15 years old was 4.73 (95%CI: 1.27~17.7).
Conclusions
Late menarche age was the risk factor toward osteoporosis, while high education and high BMI were the protective factors against osteoporosis in study population.
Key Words: osteoporosis, prevalence, related factors, women


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