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Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2006;10(1):58-68.
Published online January 31, 2006.
Relationship among Postpartum Depression, Parenting Stressand Self-esteem in Mothers during Puerperium
안옥심1, 오원옥2
1포항시 북구 보건소
2동국대학교
산욕기 산모의 산후 우울과 양육스트레스 및자아존중감과의 관계
안옥심1, 오원옥2
1포항시 북구 보건소
2동국대학교
Abstract
Objectives
This study was conducted to examine the relationship among postpartum depression, parenting stress, and self-esteem in mothers during puerperium.
Methods
This study's subjects were 287 parturient mothers within 8 weeks after delivery. The data were collected from January to March 2005 using a self-administered questionnaire composed of demographic and obstetric characteristics, Beck Depression Inventory, and the Parenting Stress Scale and Self-esteem scale. The statistical methods used were descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.
Results
The mean score of postpartum depression was 10.05 (SD=6.78). The mean score of parenting stress was 60.99 (SD=9.42) and that of self-esteem was 25.03 (SD=3.40). There were statistically significant differences in the score of postpartum depression according to the relationship with spouse, mood change during pregnancy, number of days after delivery, feeding method, and spouse's preferences regarding the baby. As a result of the multiple regression analysis, the predictors of postpartum depression were self-esteem, parenting stress, mood change, spouse's preferences regarding the baby, and number of days after delivery. These variables were shown to have 37.4% explanatory power regarding postpartum depression.
Conclusions
This study revealed that self-esteem and parenting stress are factors related to postpartum depression of mothers during puerperium. It would be necessary to develop interventions to increase self-esteem and to decrease parenting stress in order to decrease the possibility or severity of postpartum depression during pregnancy. The findings of this study will contribute to the basic data for the education of pregnant women and mothers during puerperium.
Key Words: postpartum depression, parenting stress, self-esteem


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