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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 21(2); 2017 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2017;21(2):119-129.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2017.21.2.119    Published online May 31, 2017.
Predictors of Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents Living in a Multi-cultural Family in South Korea: Gender Difference
Jae Young Lee1, Kyoung mi Kim2
1Department of Nursing Science, Kyungsung University
2College of Nursing, Kosin University, Korea
다문화 가정 청소년의 자살생각 영향요인: 남ㆍ녀 비교
이재영1, 김경미2
1경성대학교 간호학과
2고신대학교
Correspondence:  Kyoung mi Kim,
Email: kmkim@kosin.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and its predictors in adolescents living in a multi-cultural family, with a focus on gender differences.
Methods
A total of 795 students attending junior high school or high school who lived in a multi-cultural family were enrolled in this study. The 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was conducted in 2015. Data from this survey were collected and analyzed using SPSS program, with Rao-Scott chi-square test and complex samples multiple logistic regression.
Results
The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in adolescents living in a multi-cultural family was 17.2% (14.1% in boys and 20.9% in girls). Happiness and depression were significant predictors of suicidal ideation in both boys and girls. However, the experience of violence was an additional significant predictor in boys, whereas economic status and sleep satisfaction were significant predictors affecting the prevalence of suicidal ideation in girls.
Conclusion
This study found gender differences in the predictors of suicidal ideation in adolescents living in a multi-cultural family. The findings suggest that the development of suicide prevention programs for this population may require different approaches for girls and for boys. It is also suggested that educational programs are developed that address the variables identified.
Key Words: suicidal Ideation, multiculturalism, adolescent
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