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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 21(1); 2017 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2017;21(1):46-54.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2017.21.1.46    Published online January 31, 2017.
Acceptance of Oocytes Freezing for Fertility Preservation for Social Reasons Among Unmarried Korean Women
Han sun Cho, Hye ok Kim
Isomang Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
미혼 여성의 임신능력 보존을 위한 난자 동결에 대한 인식
조한선, 김혜옥
단국대학교 제일병원 산부인과 아이소망센터
Correspondence:  Hye ok Kim,
Email: ok58163@gmail.com
Abstract
Purpose
To evaluate the awareness of unmarried Korean women about the relationship between fertility and age with respect to the need to consider oocyte freezing to preserve fertility in cases of delayed marriage and pregnancy.
Methods
Our questionnaires were distributed to a total of 350 unmarried women under 40 years old, consisting of 250 visiting patients and 100 medical workers in Oct. 2010 and Dec. 2010. The questionnaire was composed of 25 multiple choice items as follows: Part I, demographic characteristics; Part II, past history and family history for gynecologic disease; Part III, planning for marriage and pregnancy; Part IV, awareness about fecundity and pregnancy complication according to female age; Part V, willingness toward oocyte freezing for social reasons.
Results
The mean age of the women who responded was 29.5 years (range 17~40 years). Eighteen percent answered “very interested” and 23% answered “interested” to the question “Do you want the opportunity to preserve your oocytes to prepare for delayed childbirth for social reasons?” while 47% answered “not very interested” and 11% answered ”not at all interested”. There was no statistical difference in age, the number of medical worker, history of gynecologic disease, and familial history of premature ovarian insufficiency between positive responder (n=144, 41.4%) and negative responder (n=204, 58.6%) toward oocyte freezing.
Conclusion
Even though oocyte freezing is not a widespread procedure in Korean society, oocyte cryopreservation in unmarried women suggests a practical alternative to preserving fertility if its safety, practical effectiveness, and convenience are ensured and communicated to women.
Key Words: cryopreservation, female, fertility preservation, human, oocytes
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