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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 22(3); 2018 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2018;22(3):172-179.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2018.22.3.172    Published online September 30, 2018.
Gender-based Comparison of Knowledge on Preconception Care
Eun Ju Lee1, Eunji Shin2, In Sook Sohn3, Han Sung Hwang3, Soon Cheol Hong4, Ki Hoon Ahn4, Young Ju Kim5, Mi Hye Park5, Kyung Ju Lee5, Jong Chul Shin6, Jeong Ha Wie6, Youngrin Kwag7, Eun Mee Kim8, Eunseok Park9, Jung Yeol Han10, Eun Hee Ha7
1Ewha Medical Research Institute, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Global Health Institute for Girls, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of medicine Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
4Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Kore
6Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
7Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
8The Graduate School of International Studies, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
9Department of Laboratory Medicine, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
10Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
‘임신 전 건강관리’에 대한 남녀 지식 비교
이은주1, 신은지2, 손인숙3, 황한성3, 홍순철4, 안기훈4, 김영주5, 박미혜5, 이경주5, 신종철6, 위정하6, 곽영린7, 김은미8, 박은석9, 한정열10, 하은희7
1서울대학교
2이화여자대학교 글로벌소녀건강연구원
3건국대학교 의학전문대학원 산부인과
4고려대학교 병원 산부인과
5이화여자대학교 산부인과
6가톨릭대학교 산부인과
7이화여자대학교 직업환경의학과
8이화여자대학교 국제대학원 국제학과
9단국대학교 제일병원 진단검사의학과
10단국대학교 제일병원 산부인과
Correspondence:  Jung Yeol Han,
Email: eunheeha@ewha.ac.kr
Abstract
Background: There have been many voices highlighting the necessity of preconception care as a preventive approach to achieve better pregnancy outcomes for health promotion of mothers and babies. It is important to get preconception care for both men and women, as they play equally important roles for healthy pregnancy. Also, awareness and knowledge of men and women about their health are important factors for behavioral changes for preconception care. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of awareness about men and women’s preconception care and knowledge of the determinants of healthy pregnancy by gender. Our second goal was to compare men and women’s level of awareness and knowledge on it.
Methods
The participants were 500 males and females (aged over 19 years and under 49 years old) either living or working in Seoul city. The data collection period of the study was from July to December, 2017. An online survey was conducted using a panel of online vendors. Then the collected data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0.
Results
Awareness about both men and women’s preconception care was significantly higher in women than in men (p=0.004, p=0.002). Furthermore, there was a significant difference between men and women (p=0.00) in the total score of knowledge on the determinants of preconception care, including smoking, alcohol drinking, age, folic acid intake, and check-up for infectious disease (p=0.00; means women 8.20±1.95 and men 7.27±2.38). Significant gender differences were also found on some items, such as men’s alcohol drinking, men’s age, men’s check-up for infectious disease, women’s intake of folic acid, women’s check-up for infectious disease. The level of knowledge on men’s folic acid intake was the lowest in both men and women.
Conclusion
Based on the results on the analysis of gender differences in the awareness and knowledge about preconception care, it is necessary to develop and implement preconception care programs based on the gender perspective approach to make women and men equally share responsibility of the birth result.
Key Words: preconception care, preconception health, pregnancy, knowledge, gender
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