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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 12(2); 2008 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2008;12(2):228-241.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2008.12.2.228    Published online July 31, 2008.
The Relationship between Depression and Sociopsychological Factors in Pregnant Women
김은숙1, 류소연2
1조선대학교 대학원 보건학과
2조선대학교
임신 중 우울수준과 사회 심리적 요인과의 관련성
김은숙1, 류소연2
1조선대학교 대학원 보건학과
2조선대학교
Abstract
Objectives
This study was performed to find out the depression level of pregnant women and its relationship with sociopsychological factors.
Methods
This study surveyed 1,008 pregnant women who were over 20 weeks pregnant and received antenatal care in 4 public health centers in Gwangju Metropolitan City. For data collection, self-administered questionnaire which was composed of general characteristics, health related characteristics, family related characteristics, pregnancy related characteristics and socio-psychological characteristics such as preparation for delivery, self esteem, satisfaction with marriage, social support, and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used. The statistical methods such as t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis was used.
Results
The mean score of BDI was 9.52±9.31, and 17.4% of pregnant women showed scores above the cut-off point of 15/16 recommended. As a result of stepwise multiple regression analysis, socio-psychological factors such as self esteem, satisfaction with marriage and social support were related to depression during pregnancy. In other words, lower levels of self-esteem, satisfaction with marriage and social support had a significant relationship with high scores of depression. And other related factors with depression score were inhabit with husband, family living together, subjective health status, drinking status, and experience of nausea.
Conclusions
The factors related with depression during pregnancy were the sociopsychological characteristics such as self esteem, satisfaction with marriage and social support besides physical characteristics of pregnant women. And the antenatal management programs considering above characteristics for pregnant women need to be developed in the future.
Key Words: "depression, pregnant women, psychosocial factors,"


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