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Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2006;10(2):180-188.
Published online July 31, 2006.
Health Problems Related to Pregnancy and Childbirth Among Unmarried Women by Triangulation Method
Triangulation 방법을 이용한 미혼모의 임신과 출산관련 건강상태
This study was conducted to provide preliminary data for reproductive health of young females by examining health problems related to previous and present pregnancy and childbirth in unmarried women.Methods: Data were collected quantitatively and qualitatively by using methodological triangulation. The samples of 114 subjects were selected from a welfare center; the data were collected using the structured questionnaires. Among the sampled subjects, in-depth interviews were performed for 9 subjects.Results: Among 114 subjects, 58.8 percent of subjects experienced the first intercourse at the age from 13- to 19-years-old; 23.7 percent of the subjects had the repeated pregnancy; and 18.4 percent of the subjects had artificial abortion. The mean age of the first intercourse was 19.1-years-old. The unmarried subjects were ignorant of their pregnancy for more than five months; and after passing eighth month of their pregnancy, they visited the welfare center. Most subjects began smoking in their middle school years; and experienced anemia (22.8%), morning sickness (14.0%), pressure symptoms (4.4%), hypertension, and sexually transmitted diseases during pregnancy. Conclusions: The study data suggests that cognitive and behavioral competencies need to be trained to cope with sexual situations. The findings lead a way to develop a practical sex education; and it should include early adolescent sex education, avoidance health-risk behaviors, problem-solving pregnancy.
Key Words: pregnancy, childbirth, unmarried women, triangulation
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