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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 16(2); 2012 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2012;16(2):195-211.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2012.16.2.195    Published online July 31, 2012.
The Influence of Self-efficacy, Social Support, Postpartum Fatigue and Parenting Stress on Postpartum Depression
김경숙, 감신, 이원기
경북대학교
자기효능감, 사회적 지지, 피로, 양육스트레스가 산후우울증에 미치는 영향
김경숙, 감신, 이원기
경북대학교
Abstract
Objectives
This study was performed to examine the influence of self-efficacy, social support, postpartum fatigue and parenting stress on postpartum depression in mothers.
Methods
The authors conducted a survey using a self-administered questionnaire, conducted during May, 2011. The study subjects were 313 parturient mothers in 1 week after delivery.
Results
To investigate the overall relationship between the variables, the authors conducted a path analysis using a linear structural equation model analysis. The equation was statistically appropriate and had a good fitness. The postpartum fatigue, and parenting stress factors, respectively influenced postpartum depression positively (p<0.01). The social support factor influenced postpartum fatigue and depression negatively (p<0.01) The self-efficacy factor influenced parenting stress negatively (p<0.01). The age of mother (γ=0.11), mood change during pregnancy (γ=-0.12), order of baby γ=0.43) and health status of mother (γ=0.14) influenced self-efficacy (p<0.05). The variable affecting social support was cooperation degree of husband (γ=0.36, p<0.01). The mood change during pregnancy (γ=0.21), nursing type (γ=0.11,), and health status of mother (γ=-0.26) influenced postpartum fatigue (p<0.05). And the variables affecting parenting stress were mood change during pregnancy (γ=0.12, p<0.05) and cooperation degree of husband (γ=-0.20, p<0.01).
Conclusions
The self-efficacy, social support, fatigue, and parenting stress of parturient mother influenced to the postpartum depression. It would be necessary to develop programs to increase self-efficacy and social support and to decrease the postpartum fatigue and parenting stress.
Key Words: postpartum depression, self-efficacy, social support, fatigue, parenting stress


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